- Anselin L. 1995. Local indicators of spatial association - LISA. Geographical Analysis 27: 93-115.
- Anselin L, I Syabri, and Y Kho. 2006. GeoDa: An introduction to spatial data analysis. Geographical Analysis 38: 5-22.
- Bailey RG. 1995. Ecosystem geography, Springer-Verlag, New York.
- Baker RHA. 2002. Predicting the limits to potential distribution of alien crop pests. In GJ Hallman and CP Schwalbe (eds.), Invasive arthropods in agriculture: problems and solutions, Science Publishers, Enfield, NH, pp 207-242.
- Brooks ML. 2007. Effects of land management practices on plant invasions in wildland areas. In W Nentwig (ed.), Biological invasions, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, pp 147-162.
- CAPS [Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey]. 2009. Appendix D: Analytical Hierarchy process. In CAPS national survey guidelines for 2009.
- Carey JR. 1996. The incipient Mediterranean fruit fly population in California: implications for invasion biology. Ecology 77: 1690-1697.
- Carlton JT. 1996. Pattern, process, and prediction in marine invasion ecology. Biological Conservation 78: 97-106.
- Cassey P, TM Blackburn, D Sol, RP Duncan, and JL Lockwood. 2004. Global patterns of introduction effort and establishment success in birds. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B. (Suppl.) 271: S405-S408.
- Colautti RI, IA Grigorovich and HJ MacIsaac. 2006. Propagule pressure: a null model for biological invasions. Biological Invasions 8: 1023-1037.
- Colunga-Garcia M, RA Haack, and AO Adelaja. 2009. Freight transportation and the potential for invasions of exotic insects in urban and periurban forests of the United States. Journal of Economic Entomology 102: 237-246.
- Colunga-Garcia M, RA Magarey, RA Haack, SH Gage, and J Qi. 2010a. Enhancing early detection of exotic pests in agricultural and forest ecosystems using an urban-rural gradient framework. Ecological Applications. Ecological Applications 20: 303-310.
- Colunga-Garcia M, RA Haack, RA Magarey, and ML Margosian. 2010b. Spatial establishment patterns of exotic forest insects in urban areas in relation to urban tree cover and propagule pressure. Journal of Economic Entomology. J Econ Entomol 103: 108-118.
- Crawley MJ, H Kornberg, JH Lawton, MB Usher, R Southwod, RJ O’Connor, and A Gibbs. 1986. The population biology of invaders. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 314: 711-731.
- Decker EH, S Elliot, FA Smith, DR Blake, and FS Rowland. 2000. Energy and material flow through the urban ecosystem. Annual Review of Energy and Environment: 25: 685-740.
- Drake JM and DM Lodge. 2006. Allee effects, propagule pressure and the probability of establishment: riks analysis for biological invasions. Biological Invasions 8: 365-375.
- [ERS] Economic Research Service. 2000. Transportation bottlenecks shape U.S. - Mexico food and agricultural trade. Agricultural Outlook September 2000, pp 24-31.
- [FHWA] Federal Highway Administration. 2004. FAF2 Data and Documentation: 2002-2035.
- [FHWA] Federal Highway Administration. 2006. Freight analysis framework (FAF) version 2.2, user guide.
- Fowler G, L Garrett, A Neeley, D Borchert, and B Spears. 2007. Economic analysis: risk to U.S. apple, grape, orange and pear production from the light brown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana (Walker). USDA-APHIS-PPQ-CPHST-PERAL. Raleigh, NC.
- Fortin M and M Dale. 2005. Spatial analysis: a guide for ecologists. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge United Kingdom.
- Gewin V. 2005. Eco-defense against invasions. PLoS Biology. 3: 2066–2071.
- Haack RA. 2001. Intercepted Scolytidae (Coleoptera) at U.S. ports of entry: 1985–2000. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 6: 253–282.
- Haack RA. 2006. Exotic bark- and wood-boring Coleoptera in the United States: recent establishments and interceptions. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36: 269-288.
- Haack RA, Petrice TR. 2009. Bark- and wood-borer colonization of logs and lumber after heat treatment to ISPM 15 specifications: the role of residual bark. Journal of Economic Entomology 102: 1075-1084.
- Haack RA, Hérard F, Sun J, Turgeon JJ. 2010. Managing invasive populations of Asian longhorned beetle and citrus longhorned beetle: a worldwide perspective. Annual Review of Entomology 55: 521-546.
- Hesse M, and J Rodrigue. 2004. The transport geography of logistics and freight distribution. Journal of Transportation Geography. 12: 171–184.
- Hallett RH. 2007. Host plant susceptibility to the Swede midge (Diptera:Cecidomyiidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 100: 1335-1343.
- Homer C, J Dewitz, J Fry, M Coan, N Hossain, C Larson, N Herold, A McKerrow, JN VanDriel, and J Wickham. 2007. Completion of the 2001 National Land Cover Database for the conterminous United States. Photogramm. Eng. Remot. Sens. 73: 337- 341.
- Hulme PE. 2003. Biological invasions: winning the science battles but losing the conservation war? Oryx 37:178-193.
- Hulme PE. 2009. Trade, transport and trouble: managing invasive species pathways in an era of globalization. Journal of Applied Ecology 46: 10-18.
- [IPMC] Integrated Pest Management Centers. National pest alert: pink hibiscus mealybug Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green). USDA-CSREES Integrated Pest Management Centers National Plant Diagnostic Network, APHIS, National Plant Board, and the1862 Land-Grant Universities.
- Jerde CL and MA Lewis. 2007. Waiting for invasions: a framework for the arrival of nonindigenous species. The American Naturalist. 170: 1-9.
- Kolar CS and DM Lodge. 2001. Progress in invasion biology: predicting invaders. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 16: 199-204.
- Kühn I and S Klotz. 2007. From ecosystem invasibility to local, regional and global patterns of invasive species. In W Nentwig (ed.), Biological invasions, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, pp 181-196.
- Leung B, JM Drake, and DM Lodge. 2004. Predicting invasions: propagule pressure and the gravity of allee effects. Ecology, 85: 1651-1660.
- Levine JM and CM D'Antonio. 2003. Forecasting biological invasions with increasing international trade. Conservation Biology 17: 322-326.
- Lattin JD and P Oman. 1983. Where are the exotic insect threats? In CL Wilson and CL Graham (eds.), Exotic plant pests and North American agriculture, Academic Press, New York, NY, pp 93-138.
- Liebhold AM and PC Tobin. 2008. Population ecology of insect invasions and their management. Annual Review of Entomology 53: 387-408.
- Lockwood JL, P Cassey and T Blackburn. 2005. The role of propagule pressure in explaining species invasions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20: 223-228.
- Lodge DM, S Williams, HJ. Macisaac, KR Hayes, B Leung, S Reichard, RN Mack, PB. Moyle, M Smith, DA Andow, JT Carlton, and A Mcmichael. 2006. Biological invasions: recommendations for U.S. policy and management. Ecological Applications 16: 2035-2054.
- Mack RN, D Simberloff, WM Lonsdale, H Evans, M Clout, and FA Bazzaz. 2000. Biotic invasions: causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control. Ecol. Appl. 10: 689-710.
- Magarey RD, DM Borchert, GL Fowler, TG Sutton, M Colunga-Garcia, and JA Simpson. 2007. NAPPFAST, an internet system for the weather-based mapping of plant pathogens. Plant Disease 91:336-345.
- Magarey R, G Fowler, M Colunga, B Smith, and R Meentemeyer. 2008. Climate-host mapping of Phytophthora ramorum, causal agent of sudden oak death. In SJ Frankel, JT Kliejunas, and KM Palmieri, Proceedings of the sudden oak death third science symposium, GTR-PSW-214. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture: 269-275.US.
- Magarey RD, M Colunga-Garcia, and DA Fieselmann. 2009. Plant biosecurity in the United States: roles, responsibilities and information needs. BioScience 59: 875-884.
- Marvier M, P Kareiva, and MG Neubert. 2004. Habitat destruction, fragmentation, and disturbance promote invasion by habitat generalists in a multispecies metapopulation. Risk Analysis 24: 869-878.
- McCullough DG, TT Work, JF Cavey, AM Liebhold, and D Marshall. 2006. Interceptions of nonindigenous plant pests at US ports of entry and border crossings over a 17-year period. Biological Invasions 8: 611-630.
- McDonnell MJ and STA Pickett, eds. 1997. Humans as components of ecosystems: the ecology of subtle human effects and popuated areas. Springer, New York, New York.
- Moyle PB and MP Marchetti. 2006. Predicting invasion success: freshwater fishes in California as a model. BioScience 56: 515-524.
- [NAPPO] North American Plant Protection Organization. 2009. Deregulation of Swede midge (Contarinia nasturtii) as a quarantine pest. (www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=369)
- [NPAG] New Pest Advisory Group. 2006. Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood: Chilli Thrips, Thysanoptera/Thripidae. NPAG report.
- [NRC] National Research Council. 2002. Predicting invasions of nonindigenous plants and plant pests. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.
- Pimentel D, R Zuniga and D Morrison. 2005. Update on the environmental and economic costs associated with alien-invasive species in the United States. Ecological Economics 52: 273-288.
- Puth LM and DM Post. 2005. Studying invasions: have we missed the boat? Ecology Letters 8: 715-721.
- Ranjan R. 2006. Economic impact of pink hibiscus mealybug in Florida and the United States. Stoch. Environ. Res. Risk. Assess. 20: 353-362.
- Reaser JK, LA Meyerson, and BV Holle. 2008. Saving camels from straws: how propagule pressure-based prevention policies can reduce the risk of biological invasions. Biological Invasions 10: 1085-1098.
- Reichard SH and P White. 2001. Horticulture as a pathway of invasive plant introductions in the United States. BioScience 51: 103-113.
- Ricciardi A and JB Rasmussen. 1998. Predicting the identity and impact of future biological invaders: a priority for aquatic resource management. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55: 1759-1765.
- Robertson GP and EA Paul. 1998. Ecological research in agricultural ecosystems: contributions to ecosystem science and to the management of agronomic resources. In ML Pace and PM Groffman (eds.), Successes, limitations, and frontiers in ecosystem science, Pringer-Verlag, New York, pp 142-164.
- Roll U, T Dayan, and D Simberloff. 2007. Non-indigenous insect species in Israel and adjacent areas. Biological Invasions 9: 629-643.
- Sakai AK, FW Allendorf, JS Holt, DM Lodge, J Molofsky, KA With, S Baughman, RJ Cabin, JE Cohen, NC Ellstrand, DE McCauley, P O’Neil, IM Parker, JN Thompson, SG Weller. 2001. The population biology of invasive species. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 32: 305-332
- Seirup L and G Yetman. 2006. U.S. Census Grids (Summary File 1), 2000. SEDAC Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center. (http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/usgrid/)
- Siegert N W, DG McCullough, AM Liebhold, and FW Telewski. 2007. Resurrected from the ashes: a historical reconstruction of emerald ash borer dynamics through dendrochronological analysis. In V Mastro, R Reardon, and G Parra (ed.), Emerald ash borer and Asian longhorned beetle research and technology development meeting, FHTET-2007-04.
- Silva ER, M Kubo, NR Angel, and M Murayama. 2004. Third route of Asian container cargoes to USA - the Rail Canal - a new route on the western coastline for Asian freight. Oceans'04. MTTS/IEEE Techno-ocean '04, 4: 2254-2262.
- Tatem AJ, SI Hay, DJ Rogers. 2006a. Global traffic and disease vector dispersal. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103, 6242-6247.
- Tatem AJ, DJ Rogers, SI Hay. 2006b. Estimating the malaria risk of African mosquito movement by air travel. Malaria Journal 5, 57.
- Tatem AJ, DJ Rogers, SI Hay. 2006c. Global transport networks and infectious disease spread. Advances in Parasitology 62, 293-343.
- Tatem AJ, DJ Rogers, SI Hay. 2006d. T8.5: Traffic in disease vectors: 2005, 2015 and 2030. Commissioned as part of the U.K. Government's Foresight project, Infectious Diseases: preparing for the future. (London, U.K., Office of Science and Innovation).
- Tatem AJ, SI Hay. 2007. Climatic similarity and biological exchange in the worldwide airline transportation network. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 274, 1489-1496.
- Tatem AJ. 2009. The worldwide airline network and the dispersal of exotic species: 2007-2010. Ecography 32, 94-102.
- Taylor CM and A Hastings. 2005. Allee effects in biological invasions. Ecology Letters 8: 895-908.
- Tobin PC, SL Whitmire, DM Johnson, ON Bjornstad, AM Liebhold. 2007. Invasion speed is affected by geographical variation in the strength of Allee effects. Ecology Letters. 10: 36-43.
- Vasquez DP and D Simberloff. 2001. Taxonomic selectivity in surviving introduced insects in the United States. In JL Lockwood and MK McKinney (eds.), Biotic homogeneization, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, NY, pp 103-124.
- Venette RC and JR Gould. 2006. A pest risk assessment for Copitarsia spp.: insects associated with importation of commodities into the United States. Euphytica 148:165-183.
Walter CK and RF Poist. 2004. North American inland port development: international vs domestic shipper preferences. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management 34: 579-597.
- Wheeler AG and ER Hoebeke. 2001. A history of adventive insects in North America: their pathways of entry and programs of entry and programs for their detection. In USDA-APHIS. Detecting and monitoring of invasive species, pp 3-15. Proceedings of the Plant Health Conference 2000: 24 - 25 October 2000, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.
- Windus A and HJ Jensen. 2007. Allee effects and extinction in a lattice model. Theoretical Population Biology 72: 459-467.
- Work TT, DG McCullough, JF Cavey, and R Komsa. 2005. Arrival rate of nonindigenous insect species into the United States through foreign trade. Biological Invasions 7: 323-332.
- Worner SP. 2002. Predicting the invasive potential of exotic insects. In GJ Hallman and CP Schwalbe (eds.), Invasive arthropods in agriculture: problems and solutions, Science Publishers, Enfield, NH, pp 119-138.
[ Last updated:
May 4, 2010